Causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention complanatis of feet deformity in children

Complanatis children's foot can cause uncomfortable symptoms, but also have a number of negative consequences, if time does not begin to treat the pathology. Pathology can arise during the development of the embryo in the womb and during the growth of the baby up to 3-5 years. In the first year of a child's life on his body (especially on the musculoskeletal system) have a very large load. During this period the child develops, learns to sit, crawl, stand and walk. Due to various factors, can develop complanatis of the foot that sometimes the visual may be unnoticed.


The disease itself may occur on a background of existing of flatfoot, which normally occurs in all children up to the age of three. The formation of hallux valgus foot of the child ends at 5 years of age. At this age become visually noticeable signs of hallux valgus of the foot, which often occur when walking child. To prevent unwanted effects of the disease, you must consult an orthopedist or surgeon for diagnosis and treatment.

Symptoms complanatis of feet deformity in children

Complanatis stop the symptoms in children can be expressed visually and manifest as pain. The symptoms, which may Express hallux valgus deformation of the feet, include:

  • the curvature of the foot inward when walking;
  • pain in extremities (most often manifested by the end of the day);
  • headache;
  • the curvature of the posture of the child;
  • plump, plump foot.

Complanatis talipes can occur for several reasons. In the first place, precipitating factor in the development of pvds is dysplasia of joints, in which there is a weakening of the ligaments. As the statistics, valgus foot is observed more in boys (50%) than girls (35%). Obese child can also be a positive factor for the development complanatis deformation.

Hallux valgus development of the foot can be observed at a number of factors:

  • deformation of the knee joint;
  • rickets;
  • chronic diseases, due to which the baby is forced to spend a lot of time in bed. As a result, muscles weaken, and any further load on them may cause deformation of the feet;
  • injury to the foot or ankle;
  • mismatched shoes, etc.

In the first two years of child development abnormal gait and chubby stop will be the normal factors, but if after this period the changes do not occur, it is necessary to consult a doctor.

The early signs of the possible development complanatis of the foot can be attributed to the incorrect formulation of the foot during walking, in which the child is not fully on the foot. Can occur external changes of the foot, where it will resemble an hourglass. The child may present with unsteady gait, fatigue when walking.

Diagnostic pathology


Because toddlers development and the formation of the musculoskeletal system lasts for up to 6-7 years of age, when signs of the disease, the diagnosis sounds like a "hallux valgus of the foot". The term "flat feet" is replaced by the term "hallux valgus" and if changes are made after the age of seven will not happen, the disease will be called "complanatis".

To avoid getting the disease in the chronic in which to correct something would be very difficult, it is necessary during the growth of the baby regularly show it to the relevant doctor.

There are several degrees of hitting stop:

  1. For the first characteristic is a deviation of the foot to 15 degrees. These deviations are not uncommon for many kids. With timely proper approach they are successfully adjusted, and in a fairly short period of time.
  2. For the second degree are characterized by the deviation of the stop to 20 degrees. Changes of the feet in this case successfully is correctable, but a positive result will need to put a lot of effort.
  3. The third degree of the disease manifests itself in deviations up to 30 degrees. Treatment will require a comprehensive and long-lasting.
  4. Deviations of more than 30 degrees is typical for the fourth stage of the disease. Such a large defect of the foot is adjusted exclusively by means of surgical intervention.

Diagnosis of disease is based on visual inspection of the foot, submetry, and x-ray computer de plantography and ultrasound of the baby.

If time does not begin treatment and to ignore the disease, in the future the child can develop a number of unpleasant disorders and diseases such as arthritis, arthrosis, chronic pain in the limbs, osteochondrosis, scoliosis, clubfoot, curvature of the legs.

Methods and ways of treatment

If complanatis of the foot in children, treatment should be based on medical examination, the degree of foot lesion, the age of the child, etc. In the congenital form of the disease, if it is possible to diagnose at birth, it is necessary to start treatment immediately.

Treatment complanatis of the foot in infants is performed without the use of drugs, so afraid to harm the internal organs is not worth it. Primarily as a treatment stop in small children applied corrective plaster bandage that the doctor puts on the baby's legs.

An important role in the treatment of valgus feet are massage, exercise therapy. To prevent the disease returned after treatment, as prophylaxis prescribe comfortable shoes with a special insole.


Massage and medical gymnastics

Baby massage should be done after bathing or when the child is in a good mood. For massage the baby to be placed in a horizontal position, and then movere in a circular motion to massage the lower leg and then foot. A foot massage should be carried out, fingers pressing lightly on the foot and draw a figure 8 on the foot to the fingers when pressed lightly compressed. This massage shows absolutely all the kiddies to prevent the development of flatfoot.

You can put in a playpen or a bowl of tennis balls, and then to raise and set the baby on them, simulating jumping. So they will be massirovala foot, plus a little fidget this exercise will bring a lot of positive emotions.

Older children can be asked to perform such exercises as:

  1. Ask the kid to become straight, then lift toes up, slightly rotating them inward.
  2. Sliding movements necessary to carry out the toe of one leg, clasping it lightly, then repeat this on the other foot.
  3. In a sitting position you need to bend legs, then raise your heel from the floor, first simultaneously, then alternately.
  4. You need to put on the floor some small object, and then offer the kid to grab it with your fingers and legs. As a subject you can use a brush for paints, pencil, small ball, etc.

Exercise is best done in the form of games, not focusing on the word "need". After the exercises you can do baby massage, adjusting the intensity of pressure on the leg and foot.

To learn how to do massage for the feet complanatis, you need to visit a professional masseur. Further, it is possible to drive the child to it or to perform massages at home.Through exercises and massage strengthen the calf muscles, which play an important role in the formation of the arch of the foot.

Sometimes extremely serious form of deformity, which is treated only by surgical intervention. There are varieties of operations that are used as treatment complanatis stop:

  1. Surgery, named after the scientist - Grice. The essence of the operation is to install a special insert in the foot of the child, which will help to lock the foot in the correct position and won't allow it to bend inwards.
  2. Operation according to the method of Dobbs. When this manipulation is the imposition of a plaster bandage on the foot of the child, which further supplemented with K-wire. The procedure is performed in several stages and requires no incisions and no anesthesia.

Prevention of the disease

To treat the disease is much more difficult than prevent the development of disease. If there is a genetic predisposition to the disease, it is necessary to observe the legs and gait of the child much more, as the disease tends to be transmitted genetically.

You first need to conduct a visual inspection of the legs of the baby, to look at the skin in the area of the foot avoid injuries, redness. Parents should be alert and wrong, clumsy gait of the child, which is observed after a long period of walking of the child.

Be sure to show the child the doctor several times a year. If there is no profile of the podiatrist, it is possible to show the child the surgeon. The detection of the tendency to disease, medical examination should be held more often.

You need to choose the shoes kid that it was high quality, with orthopedic footbed. The savings in footwear is highly questionable, as in the future will have to spend a lot more if the child will suffer and spend money on treatment of the joints throughout life.

Rickets is also becoming a common cause of disease of the joints. As prevention of the disease and its negative consequences need to give the baby vitamin D or a vitamin, and walks in the fresh air in Sunny weather.

After bathing and during the period of wakefulness of the child is necessary to massage the legs. At an early age, the joints in kids flexible plastic, so skillful movements of them, you can literally sculpt a beautiful and correct form. Thanks to massage you can relieve the child from the development of flatfoot, to remove slight bending of the legs, which can be formed the baby in the womb as a result of incorrect presentation.

In good summer weather can be removed from the child's shoes and give him the opportunity to run on small stones, pebbles, which will have a massaging effect on the foot.

You can buy a special Mat with massage rollers, and then to offer the child to walk on it every day for a few minutes.

If there is a curvature of the second stop and the third degree, baby shoes better buy a special, medical institutions, specializing in the manufacture of such products.

During the growth of the child will arise many diseases, which do not need to be afraid of. Starting timely treatment, there is a chance for future healthy life of the baby.