A set of exercises for the feet with hallux valgus in a child

Exercises in hallux valgus in children is an effective method of contributing to the restoration of the correct form of the foot and the successful fight against the disease. How does physical therapy at valguse in young patients? What exercises will be most effective and efficient?

hallux valgus

Brief description of the disease

Valgus foot is a deformity of the foot in which the heel pocket and fingers rejected to the outside. In this case the curvature is internal, and the arch of the foot is greatly reduced. Children with valgus deformity of the foot, quickly get tired while walking, have an irregular gait, their lower legs are x — shaped. In addition, the child suffering from this disorder, particularly prone to developing flat feet, arthritis, arthrosis and various joint deformities.

According to experts, the foot a little patient may be deformed as a result of the weakening of the muscular ligaments, traumatic injuries, rickets, polio and other adverse external factors.

Also, valgus deformity may have an innate nature, when the kid foot bends in the period of prenatal development that typically is associated with a complicated pregnancy.

However, whatever the reasons, with valgus deformity of feet in toddlers need to fight. In most cases, doctors recommend for these purposes, techniques such as massage and physiotherapy.

What is the use of medical gymnastics in valguse?

Specially designed physical exercises with valgus installation stop are an integral part of complex therapy aimed at combating this disease.

Particularly effective therapeutic exercise it in the treatment of hallux valgus in young patients. This is because the bone, cartilage and joint tissues of the child are soft, elasticity is very good and amenable to correction. Note that positive results can be achieved with regular and systematic approach.

Of course, the younger the patient, the easier it will be to correct the existing deformity.

Treatment physical gymnastic exercises in hallux valgus can achieve the following therapeutic results:

  • elimination of the pain;
  • removing the feeling of heaviness and discomfort, localized in the lower limbs;
  • correction of gait;
  • prevention of the further progression of the pathological process;
  • prevention of flat feet and other characteristic valgus complications;
  • strengthen ligaments and muscle groups;
  • correction of the shape of the foot and making it anatomically correct;
  • normalization of processes of blood circulation in muscle tissue structures;
  • elimination of puffiness.

For maximum effect, experts recommend that parents visit with the child therapeutic physical training room at least twice during the week and to practice at home with Chad every day. In this case, the positive effect of gymnastics will not keep itself waiting long and will be stable.

valgus

A core set of recommended exercises

Exercises in hallux valgus aimed primarily at strengthening the muscle groups of the foot. For young patients especially recommend the following simple, but very effective exercises:

  1. Walking alternately on heels, then on toes (particularly effective when deformation of the big toe).
  2. Draw with chalk a straight line and ask your child a few times to pass on it (for older children you can use the "imaginary line).
  3. Flexion and extension of the fingers.
  4. Squats.
  5. The slopes to the foot. When this leg a little patient needs to be as smooth.
  6. Walking on the outer edge of the foot. The foot should be slightly turned out.
  7. Stroking one foot of the surface of the other leg.

The above exercises are basic, elementary set, which should be performed daily, with each exercise for 1.5-2 minutes. Such exercises can be used not only for therapeutic but also for prophylactic purposes (in particular, to prevent the development of flat feet).

Additional exercises

The following set of gymnastic exercises in hallux valgus stop is somewhat more complicated, however, with the help of parents they will overcome even the smallest patient:

  1. Ask the child to sit cross-legged. Take his arm. Further, the child must slowly rise and fall on the floor. After a few visits you will need to repeat the exercise, with a change of foot, lying at the bottom.
  2. Offer the kid to lie down on your back and stretch your hands to the floor. Between the stop child attach a small ball and ask him to throw you a toy by using my feet. Usually, children this game is very like.
  3. Put on the floor a handkerchief and ask the child to assemble it with only one foot toes.
  4. Encourage your child to lie down on your back and legs to perform the movement like riding a bike. The number of repetitions from 10 to 15.
  5. Ask a young patient to portray a "fan", as this widely spreading the toes. The exercise should be repeated about 10 times.
  6. Seat the child on a chair, his feet put a small rubber ball and ask the child to roll the toy feet. The optimum exercise duration is 5 minutes.
  7. Invite a child to play Patty-cake, but only to clap at this, not palms, and feet.
  8. To take a child and ask him to bring the feet together. Repeat 10 to 15 times.
  9. Put on the floor a wide stick and ask the child recumbo, standing on the stick. The recommended duration of exercise is 3 to 5 minutes.
  10. Ask the child to lie back, stretch your legs forward and alternately bend them at the ankle. To do 10 repetitions for each leg.

This set of exercises, experts recommend to perform two times during the day, and to achieve a maximum therapeutic effect, it is desirable to make the little patient foot massage.

walking

The benefits of walking for health

Walking is an important moment in the fight against the valgus deformity of foot in children. And go to kids recommended for textured, irregular surfaces. For these purposes, the parents of young patients will need to purchase a special orthopedic pad. But you can cope with the problem on their own, just consuerunt on fabric large buttons.

In summer, try to keep your baby as many walked barefoot in the grass, pesochek or pebbles. If you have a rest on the sea, gather up as many stones, they will be useful to do warm foot baths with the effect of additional stimulation.

In the winter you can just sprinkle on the floor of the apartment, the peas or grits and offer the kid a run at him. All this will contribute to the maximum to strengthen the muscle groups of the foot, increases the sensitivity of the feet, in addition, the effectiveness of physical therapy will help to accelerate the healing process.

How to do gymnastics

The main rule in medical gymnastics is the regular and systematic exercises. However, to explain to a young child the necessity of practice sometimes can be very difficult. So try to inspire a little patient with the process of physiotherapy, training in a fun way. Many kids imitate their parents, so the child will be much more willing to deal with mom or dad, doing what they do exercise.

Try to make in pursuit of maximum diversity, periodically changing the exercises, it is important that young patient exercises are not bored. If the baby is really tired be advisable to stop the exercise and continue it later.

Additional recommendations

Despite the high levels of efficiency and effectiveness of therapeutic exercises, only exercises for the total defeat of the valgus deformity of foot, the child may not be enough, especially if the disease is in a serious, advanced stage. To speed up the healing process by following the following simple guidelines:

  1. Pick up child with a quality, comfortable shoes with orthopedic insoles.
  2. Make the baby warm foot bath with the addition of pine needles or sea salt. Such therapies help to eliminate tension in the region of the muscle groups and ligaments of the foot.
  3. Classes combine physical therapy with massage, which is recommended to be done regularly.
  4. Composing a set of exercises, you should consult on this matter with a specialist.
  5. Good effect give lessons in such sports as swimming and exercises on the wall bars.
results from exercise

As for the prevention of this disease, prevent the development of hallux valgus in a child will help planning pregnancy and regular visits to a specialist during the period of waiting for a baby. In addition, it is not recommended to begin to put legs on a baby who has not yet reached eight months of age. Watch your weight and development of the child: the extra pounds and low body weight also are factors causing the development of hallux valgus.

When to expect positive results?

With a systematic approach to physical therapy and strict adherence to the recommendations of experts, the first results become visible already after one week of the course. Kids are easier to walk removed pain and discomfort. To determine the duration of treatment is difficult because it depends on the stage of the pathological process and the individual characteristics of the baby.

The most pronounced results therapeutic exercises for the feet at valguse gives after one year of regular, systematic training.

Physical therapy for valguse in children is a proven, effective technique that can eliminate the signs of strain and to stop further development of the pathological process. To achieve maximum favorable results are recommended to combine exercises with therapeutic massage and wearing orthopedic shoes.

17.09.2018